Ejercicios Reported Speech con afirmativas

Una vez vimos la explicación a qué es el Reported Speech e hicimos algunos ejercicios con preguntas, hoy toca el turno de hacer ejercicios de Reported Speech con frases afirmativas.

reported speech afirmativas
Ilustración de un profesor enseñando el Reported Speech con frases afirmativas a su clase.

Introducción al Reported Speech con afirmativas

El "reported speech", o discurso reportado en inglés, es una forma de expresar lo que alguien ha dicho sin utilizar sus palabras exactas, es decir, reformulando sus declaraciones.

Se utiliza comúnmente en conversaciones y escritura para reportar lo que otros han dicho.

Por ejemplo, si en el discurso directo tenemos: "Alice: 'Clean the blue bike!'", en discurso indirecto se convertiría en: "Alice tells me to clean the blue bike". Aquí, la orden o solicitud directa "Clean the blue bike!" se reporta como una instrucción que Alice dio. También notamos que se añadió el sujeto y el objeto para clarificar quién dio la instrucción y a quién se le dio.

Ejemplos de Reported Speech con afirmativas

Estilo directo: "I like apples."
Estilo indirecto: He says that he likes apples.
Aquí, la frase directa "I like apples" es reportada en estilo indirecto como "He says that he likes apples". El pronombre "I" cambia a "he" y el verbo permanece en presente simple porque el estilo indirecto está en presente.

Estilo directo: "They play football on Saturdays."
Estilo indirecto: She says that they play football on Saturdays.
En este caso, "They play football on Saturdays" se convierte en "She says that they play football on Saturdays". Nuevamente, el verbo "play" se mantiene en presente simple, y el sujeto cambia de acuerdo al contexto del reported speech.

Estilo directo: "She says, 'I am happy.'"
Estilo indirecto: She says that she is happy.
En este caso, la frase directa "I am happy" se reporta como "She says that she is happy". El pronombre "I" cambia a "she", y el verbo "am" se mantiene igual, ya que el reported speech está en presente.

Estilo directo: "He says, 'We go to school every day.'"
Estilo indirecto: He says that they go to school every day.
Aquí, "We go to school every day" se convierte en "He says that they go to school every day". El sujeto "We" cambia a "they" en el reported speech.

Estilo directo: "They say, 'The sun rises in the east.'"
Estilo indirecto: They say that the sun rises in the east.
En este ejemplo, la frase "The sun rises in the east" se mantiene prácticamente igual en el reported speech: "They say that the sun rises in the east". Aquí, no es necesario cambiar el sujeto o el verbo, ya que se trata de una verdad universal.

Estilo directo: "She says, 'My brother likes soccer.'"
Estilo indirecto: She says that her brother likes soccer.
Aquí, "My brother likes soccer" se reporta como "She says that her brother likes soccer". El posesivo "My" cambia a "her" para coincidir con el sujeto del reported speech.

Más ejemplos

Estilo directo: "I enjoy playing football," Mark says.
Estilo indirecto: Mark says that he enjoys playing football.

Estilo directo: "We are studying for the exam," they explain.
Estilo indirecto: They explain that they are studying for the exam.

Estilo directo: "She loves chocolate," Alice admits.
Estilo indirecto: Alice admits that she loves chocolate.

Estilo directo: "The museum opens at nine," the guide informs.
Estilo indirecto: The guide informs that the museum opens at nine.

Ejercicio práctico de Reported Speech con afirmativas

1- "I like oranges," he says.

Ver solución
He says that he likes oranges.

2- "They play basketball on Mondays," she says.

Ver solución
She says that they play basketball on Mondays.

3- "Miranda says, 'I am happy.'"

Ver solución
Miranda says that she is happy.

4- "She says, 'We go to cinema every day.'"

Ver solución
She says that they go to cinema every day.

5- "They say, 'The sun rises in the east.'"

Ver solución
They say that the sun rises in the east.

6- "She says, 'My brother likes golf.'"

Ver solución
She says that her brother likes golf.

7- "We are studying for the test," they explain.

Ver solución
They explain that they are studying for the test.

8- "She loves pizza," Frank says.

Ver solución
Frank says that she loves pizza.

9- "The school opens at eight," the policeman informs.

Ver solución
The policeman informs (us) that the school opens at eight.

10- "Elsa says: 'I like cars.'".

Ver solución
Elsa says that she likes cars.
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